The old Iberian settlement of Salduie, where the Romans founded Caesaraugusta and which the Moslems later called Saraqusta, although it was known as Medina Albaida (the white town), and the phonetic derivations that transformed it into Zaragoza, hosts the XII Terroir Congress that will be held from 18 to 22 June 2018.
Zaragoza is the capital of the Autonomous Community of Aragon, a territory located in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula, which gave rise to the Kingdom of Aragon. The latter was extremely influential in the Mediterranean between the 13th and 14th centuries, whose maritime routes the monarchs of Aragon used to transport wine.
Aragon has always been a welcoming land as well as a meeting place, as this is where the main communication routes from the north and east of Spain converge, taking advantage of the wide Ebro River valley. Its location at a crossroads was possibly one of the reasons why it is acknowledged as a hospitable territory. Its surface area is the equivalent to Switzerland with some clearly defined limits. In the north, where it shares the Pyrenees with France, it has an Atlantic climate and Alpine vegetation. In the west, the Iberian mountain range harnesses the low humidity that remains in the Atlantic winds as they pass over the peninsula. The south receives the Mediterranean influence and the entire centre of the region, far away from any maritime effect, has a continental climate with arid areas and low rainfall – less than 300 mm a year. In the north, in contrast, more than 1,000 mm of rain may fall, often in the form of snow. These important water resources have been used to transform 40,000 hectares of rain-fed and not very productive land into fertile fields of irrigated land thanks to the new irrigation systems.